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Ms. McGinn's
Grade 6 Science

Science Joke: "States of Matter"

Rufus never listens in science class because he says it's boring.
One day his teacher asked,
"Rufus, what are the 3 states of matter?"

Since he heard his name he did listen to the question.
So, he thinks and replies,
"Three states that matter are Texas, California and Arizona!

Grade 6 AZ Standards
Various Lessons: SCIENCE LIST
Watch and Know: SCIENCE
. Science Fair: Guidelines
Planet Pals:
Ecology Dictionary
Vocabulary: Earth Structure
. StudyJams Science
The Planetary Society
Science Dictionary:
Enchanted Learning
.. NASA: Space
Posters ...Calendar ... NASA Climate

Games On Line


4 Systems on Earth

Educator Resources


Science Posters


Strand 1: Inquiry Process

Inquiry Process establishes the basis for studentsí learning in science. Students use scientific processes: questioning, planning and conducting investigations, using appropriate tools and techniques to gather data, thinking critically and logically about relationships between evidence and explanations, and communicating results.

Concept 1: Observations, Questions, and Hypotheses Formulate predictions, questions, or hypotheses based on observations. Locate appropriate resources.

PO 1. Differentiate among a question, hypothesis, and prediction.
PO 2. Formulate questions based on observations that lead to the development of a hypothesis.
PO 3. Locate research information, not limited to a single source, for use in the design of a controlled investigation.
More information on Scientific Process

Concept 2: Scientific Testing (Investigating and Modeling)
Design and conduct controlled investigations.

PO 1. Demonstrate safe behavior and appropriate procedures (e.g., use and care of technology, materials, organisms) in all science inquiry.
PO 2. Design an investigation to test individual variables using scientific processes.
PO 3. Conduct a controlled investigation using scientific processes.
PO 4. Perform measurements using appropriate scientific tools (e.g., balances, microscopes, probes, micrometers).
PO 5. Keep a record of observations, notes, sketches, questions, and ideas using tools such as written and/or computer logs.

Concept 3: Analysis and Conclusions
Analyze and interpret data to explain correlations and results; formulate new questions.

PO 1. Analyze data obtained in a scientific investigation to identify trends. (See M06-S2C1-03)
PO 2. Form a logical argument about a correlation between variables or sequence of events (e.g., construct a cause-and-effect chain that explains a sequence of events).
PO 3. Evaluate the observations and data reported by others.
PO 4. Interpret simple tables and graphs produced by others.
PO 5. Analyze the results from previous and/or similar investigations to verify the results of the current investigation.
PO 6. Formulate new questions based on the results of a completed investigation.

Concept 4: Communication
Communicate results of investigations.

PO 1. Choose an appropriate graphic representation for collected data: line graph, double bar graph, stem and leaf plot, histogram.
PO 2. Display data collected from a controlled investigation.

PO 3. Communicate the results of an investigation with appropriate use of qualitative and quantitative information.
PO 4. Create a list of instructions that others can follow in carrying out a procedure (without the use of personal pronouns).
PO 5. Communicate the results and conclusion of the investigation.


Students will built a container that would protect an egg when dropped from a distance. Following the 6 steps and writing notes in their flip booklet, students will keep a log of their progress.
Round 1: Projects will be dropped off a 10 foot high ladder.
Round 2: Egg Projects to be dropped higher, about 25 feet. [maybe off the school cafeteria roof.]

Materials and ideas include:
parachutes, cotton, socks, insulation, packing peauts, toilet paper, boxes, sponges, bubble wrap, newspaper, sponges, rubber bands.

Strand 4: Life Science
Unit 1: Plants and Cells

Life Science expands studentsí biological understanding of life by focusing on the characteristics of living things, the diversity of life... relationship of structures to their functions and life cycles...

Concept 1: Structure and Function in Living Systems
Understand the relationships between structures and functions of organisms.

PO 1. Explain the importance of water to organisms.
PO 2. Describe the basic structure of a cell: cell membrane, nucleus, etc.
PO 3. Describe the function of each of the following cell parts: cell wall, cell membrane, nucleus.
PO 4. Differentiate between plant and animal cells.
PO 5. Explain the hierarchy of cells, tissues, organs, and systems.
PO 6. Relate the following structures of living organisms to their functions.

Unit 1: PLANTS

Video Lesson:Plant Cell Parts and Functions

Video Lesson: Animals dependent on Plants
(Bill Nye)

Transpiration Ė stomata, roots, xylem, phloem
Video Lesson: Transpiration

Absorption (roots, xylem, phloem)
and response to stimulus (phototropism, hydrotropism, geotropism)
Video Lesson: Plant (3 types) Tropism

View Tree Rings
Plant Seed Experiment!
Build a Cell

Game: Cell Craft


Strand 4: Life Science
Unit 2: Animal Classification and Habitat

Life Science expands studentsí biological understanding of life by focusing on the characteristics of living things, the diversity of life... relationship of structures to their functions and life cycles...


Video Lesson:
Animal Classification

Video Lesson:
Animal Classification

Video Lesson:
Vertebrates and Invertebrates
Bill Nye explains Invertebrate, EXOSKELETON

Video Lesson:

Video Lesson:

Video Lesson:
MAMMALS: Classification Song

Video Lesson :
AMPHIBIANS Gills and Lungs

Video Lesson:
REPTILES: Cold-blooded


Video Lesson:
Birds: Winging It



Video Lesson:
Birds: Australia (continent movement)
and Marsupial (female animal with pouches)

Video Lesson:
Digestion (teeth) Herbivore (plant eater), Carnivore (meat eater);
Omnivore, (feeds on both plants and animals)

Video Lesson:
Food Chain: Eat and Be Eaten


Video Lesson:
Animals Innate and Learned Behavior

Video Lesson:
Animal Social Behavior: Bees, Baboons...

Video Lesson:
Animals Learned Behavior

Video Lesson:
Animal Vision (by Sea World)

Video Lesson:
Animal Vision: Eye of the Beholder

Video Lesson:
Animal Smell: (dogs, salmon, misquito)
lesson ends 4 minutes.

Video Lesson:
Animal Migration


Video Lesson:
[6] BIOMES: Climates influence animals and plants

Video Lesson:
Animal Neighborhood: What is a HABITAT?

Video Lesson:
Animal Habitats:
(desert, ocean, rainforest, etc.)

Video Lesson:
Animal Habitats



Strand 4: Life Science

Unit 3: Human Body Systems


Life Science expands studentsí biological understanding of life by focusing on the characteristics of living things, the diversity of life... relationship of structures to their functions and life cycles...


Concept 2: Living Systems
Understand relationships between structures and functions of organisms.

PO 6. Relate the following structures of living organisms to their functions.

PO 7. Describe various systems of living organisms that work together to perform a vital function



includes bones, joints and muscles

Video Lesson: (Kids Health): Major Bones

Video Lesson: Muscles and Bones

Video Lesson: Muscles


Take Care

Osteoporosis: What can you do to protect your bones?
  • Get enough calcium and vitamin D
    and eat a well balanced diet.
  • Engage in regular exercise.
  • Eat foods that are good for bone health,
    such as fruits and vegetables.
  • Avoid smoking
  • Limit alcohol to 2 drinks per day.
  • Ok Soda: Carbonated Water

includes heart, veins, arteries, and capillaries.

Video Lesson 1c: Circulation

Video Lesson 2c: Circulation

Video Lesson 3c: Heart

Video Lesson 4c: Heart (Bill Nye Science Guy)


Video Lesson 1r: Respiration

Video Lesson 2r: LUNGS

Online: PUZZLE

On-line GAME: BODY organs and systems

Video Lesson 3r: Breathing
Die in 6 minutes without oxygen.

Video Lesson 4r: Respiration: fish VS humans


Take Care

Never start smoking:
Asthma and Allergies
With video lesson guide, students draw circulation system.


Video Lesson 1d: Digestive System

Video Lesson 2d: Digestive System

Video Lesson 3d: (kids animation) Digestive System

Video Lesson 4d: view inside human body

Video Lesson 5d: Science of Digestive
You are what you eat.

Label vocabulary: Diagram of digestive system
Practice: match questions with answers

--- Video Lesson 6d: Digestive System

Video Lesson 7d: Journey of food

Video Lesson 8d: Remix Song: Digestive System

Video Lesson 9d: Digestive System - Rap
includes excretion system.

Digestive Projects:
model stomach & small intestine


Take Care = AVOID transfats

Web Site List:

Video Lesson 1n: Total (fat) calories

Video Lesson 2n: SERVING sizes

Video Lesson 3n: 10 worst foods

Video Lesson 4n: 10 worst drinks

Video Lesson 5n: Cheap, best foods

Ulcers and Diabetes
Video Lesson: Obesity in Children



Video Lesson NS 1: Central Nervous System

Video Lesson NS 2: OUtline of Nervous System

Video Lesson NS 3: Review: Nervous System by Professor Fink

Video Lesson NS 4: Neurons types animated (functions)

Video Lesson NS 5: Neurons outline

Video Lesson NS 6: Senses outline


Video Lesson NS 7: Senses by Professor B.

Video Lesson NS 8: SENSORY AND MOTOR, brain

Video Lesson NS 9: NEURON TYPES, nerve cells

Video Lesson NS 10: SPINAL CORD

Video Lesson NS 11: SKIN RECEPTORS , nerve endings

Video Lesson NS 12: SENSORY nerves:
hearing, taste, smell, touch, sight


Take Care

Video Lesson NS 13:
Central Nervous System
and CAFFEINE effects
(consumption graph)

Video Lesson NS 14:
How Pain killers work

Video Lesson NS 15:



Video Lesson I#1: Immune System

Video Lesson I#2: Immune System by Professor B.

Video Lesson I#3: Immune System body battles microbes with
1) skin; 2) (special)white blood cells (killers); 3) fever

Video Lesson I#4: B-CELLS and t-CELLS

Note: Concept 2: Reproduction and Heredity
No performance objectives at this grade level




Unit 4:
    Earth's Changing Environment
  • Moving Plates
  • Earthquakes
  • Volcanoes
  • Erosion & Weathering
  • Structure of Rocks
  • Geologic Time

Video Lesson #1: ... Global Warming & Climate Change
Video Lesson #2: ... President Obama bill for Farmers' disasters.

Land Forms

Video Lesson: ... 7 continents and oceans
Video Lesson: ... Mountains from Plate Technonics
Video Lesson: ... Earthquakes defined


Video Lesson 1: ... Hurricanes [for kids]
Video Lesson 2: ... Hurricane Safety [Canada Insurance Co]
Video Lesson 3: ... World's Natural Disasters
[Volcano, Earth Quake, Tornado, Hurricane]
Video Lesson 4: ... Hurricane Sandy
Video Lesson 5: ... Hurricane Katrina - What went Wrong?
Video Lesson 6: ... Hurricane Katrina
Video Lesson 7: ... Hurricane Katrina


Video Lesson #1: ...[Mocomi Kids] What is a tornado?

Video Lesson #2: ... Torando 101 [National Geographic]
Video Lesson #3: ... Storm Tracker following a Tornado


Video Lesson #1: ... [Mocomi Kids] What is an earthquake?



Concept 1

Lesson Slides: Structure of Earth Lakes and Rivers

Lesson Slides: Bodies of Water

Lesson Slides: Fresh Water

Link to Wikipedia page... alphabetized LIST of Rivers in USA
Link to Wikipedia page... alphabetized LIST of Lakes in USA


Unit 5 (pages):

Bodies of Water

C53 = Earth's Atmosphere

USA has many rivers and lakes

Video Lesson ... Scholastic
Natural Water Cycle

Practice Worksheets
Natural Water Cycle Facts

Video Lesson ... How Stuff Works Water Works

Video Lesson ... How Stuff Works Water Conservation

Water Conservation List



  • fossil fuels
  • nuclear
  • wind power
  • conduction
  • radiation
  • convection
  • heat
  • geothermol



Energy - Is the ability to do work
Work - is the measure of energy transferred when a force acting over a distance
Power - is the rate at which energy is transferred, used, or transformed
Kinetic energy - is the energy possessed by an object by virtue of its motion
Potential energy - is the energy possessed by an object by virtue of its position or condition
Gravitational Potential energy - is the energy of an object due to its position in a gravitational field
Elastic potential energy - is the potential energy stored when a spring is stretched
Mechanical energy - the total energy in a system, total kinetic energy and potential energy stored in an object.

Isolated system - is a frictionless system, the mechanical energy stays the same
Non-isolated system - has friction affecting the system, thus loses energy
Conservation of Mechanical energy - energy is transferred from object to another (kinetic to potential) and energy is not lost and remains the same
Efficiency - is the ratio of energy output compared to the input of the system

-- Video: Study Jams: ENERGY

Video: Bill Nye ENERGY


Video: Energy Challenge in the Future

Video: Bill Nye, the science guy

(oil, coal, gas; pros and cons)


Standard: PO 1. Identify various ways in which energy is generated using....
  • Non-renewable Energy
    is fossil fuels or atomic fission:
    oil, coal, gas, nuclear

Slideshow: How fossil fuels are formed


Video #1:
Petroleum Refiner Process

Video #2:
Statistics: Map and Graphs
The Oil Spillís Effects on Wildlife

Video #3:
Statistics: United Kingdom
BP oil spill: Disaster by numbers

Video #4:
Natural Resources Defense Council:
Are We Safer Today?

Video #5: (59 min.)
Deepwater Disaster BP Oil Spill Documentary (April 20, 2010)

Wikipedia: Deepwater (BP) Horizon Oil Spill
As of February 2013, criminal and civil settlements and payments to a trust fund had cost the (BP) company $42.2 billion.

Video #6: (59 min.)
How The Exxon Valdez (ship transporting oil) Disaster Still Affects Victims Today


Video: Natural Gas Power Plants
Video: Drilling and Production of natural gas and crude oil


Video: Coal fired power plant generate Electricity

Video: Coal Fuel Power Plants


Video: Nuclear Power plant
Video: How a Nuclear Reactor Works

Standard: PO 1. Identify various ways in which energy is generated using....

  • Renewable Energy is natural resources:
    wind, geothermal, solar, hydroelectric, biofuels.

Video: Renewal Resources

Video (23 min): CG Kids: renewable energy

Video: Natural resources


Wind Energy

Video: WIND (kinetic energy) turbine

Video: Inside a wind turbine

Video: Wind Turbines

Video: Wind Turbine (danger) Runaway


Video: Solar Energy

Video: Solar Panel

Video: Solar Power

Video: Solar PV Panels


creates Hydroelectric Energy.
Video: Hoover Dam

Video: Hoover Dam Generators

Video: Hoover Dam #3 Tour

Video: Hydroelectric (Water Power)

Video: Niagra Falls (Water Power)


Video: Geothermal Energy

Video: Geothermal Heat Pumps

Video: Geothermal Energy


Video: Biofuels

Standard: PO 2. Identify several ways in which energy may be stored.
  • Potential (stored)
    Energy that is waiting as in holding a stretched rubber band)

  • Kenetic
    Energy that is created as in stretching a rubber band or the release of it.

Kinetic Energy is energy that is in motion. Moving water and wind are good examples of kinetic energy. Electricity is also kinetic energy because even though you can't see it happen, electricity involves moving electrons.

Energy is measured in the amount of "work" it does. Potential Energy is stored energy. Examples of potential energy are oil sitting in a barrel, or water in a lake in the mountains. This energy is referred to as potential energy, because if it were released, it would do a lot of work.

Energy can change from one form to another. A good example is a Roller Coaster. When it is on its way up, it is using kinetic energy since the energy is in motion. When it reaches the top it has potential (or stored) energy. When it goes down the hill it is using kinetic energy again.

Kinetic VS Potential

Dec. 2018 - email sent to Janet:
Resources for
Kinetic and Potential Energy Guide
Clayton Hudson,
Communications Manager
6860 North Dallas Parkway
Suite 228
Plano, TX 75024

Standard: PO 3. Compare the following ways in which energy may be transformed:
  • mechanical to electrical

  • electrical to thermal

Video: Study Jams: Video ELECTRICITY

Video: Generate Electricity

Video: Electricity and Power Plants

Video: Safety, AAA Battery Example
How Electricity Works
Flowing electrons, current, ampheres (amps, current), voltage (volts), short circuit, complete the circuit.

Chemical or Mechanical Energy needed to produce Electricity:
Electricity 101
Geothermal Power Plants heat water to produce steam that turns turbines and generates produce electricity that turns to a shaft that spins magnets inside the turbine. Transformers carry electricty that can travel long distances along high voltage lines.

Video: How is electricity made

Video: Career: Female Electrician

Video: Career: What are electrician duties?

Standard : PO 4. Explain how thermal (heat) energy can be transferred by:
  • conduction

  • convection

  • radiation

3 types of HEAT TRANSFER:


is heat transfer
through Fluids (gas).
TORNADO Funnel or any liquid


is heat transfer
of Direct contact.
stovetop or any solid


is transfer of heat
without matter by
electromagnetic waves.
SunRays or microwave


Video #1: (21:46 min)
Bill Nye, Science Guy
What is HEAT ?

Video #2: Vocabulary Written
Heat Transfer SONG
Convection (fluids)...
Radiation (rays in space)
Conduction (solids)

Video #3: Three Methods of Heat Transfer
............ QUIZ .............
(A) Heat is the measure of______________ ?
(B) What are 3 types of heat transfer?
(C) What method of heat transfer that does not require matter ?
(D) What method of heat transfers requires direct contact ?
(E) What method of heat transfers requires fluids ?

[answers] (A) Kinetic Energy; (B) Convection, Conduction, Radiation;
(C) Radiation; (D) Conduction; (E) Convection

Video #4
HEAT TRANSFER: (12 min.)
(1) Conduction; (2) Convection; (3) Radiation

Video #5
Conduction of Heat

Video #6
Heat Transfer from
Example: WEATHER
Sun's RADIATION heats the Earth's ground which uses CONDUCTION to heat the air.
Newly heated air moves upward and heats cooler air through CONVECTION. This causes temperature.

Video #7
Interactive car drives off cliff

Video #8: Song
ENERGY explained

Video #9 Song:

Video #10
2 forms of energy

Video #11
Cold Front Weather:
CONVECTION experiment
heat rises and cool sinks.

Video #12
Water Experiment:
CONVECTION: heat rises and cool sinks.

Video #13
Transfer of Energy:

Video #14
Heat Transfer (hot coffee example)


Concept 2

Lesson Slides: Earth's Atmosphere

Lesson Slides: Earth's Hydrosphere

Lesson Slides: Climates

Unit 6 (pages):

Atmosphere and Weather

B20 = Ocean & Climates

Video Lesson ... Scholastic: Earth's Atmosphere

Slideshow Lesson ... Scholastic: Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, and Atmosphere

Slide-show Lesson ... Scholastic
Elements of Weather

Video Lesson ... NASA
The Ocean: A Driving Force for Weather and Climate

Video Lesson ... Scholastic: Tides

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